Rafal Pankowski is an Associate Professor at Collegium Civitas in Warsaw. He has served as deputy editor of ‘Nigdy Wiecej’ (Never Again) magazine since 1996. He has published widely on racism, nationalism, xenophobia and other issues including the books ‘Neo-Fascism in Western Europe: A study in ideology’ (Polish Academy of Sciences, 1998), ‘Racism and Popular Culture’ (Trio, 2006), and ‘The Populist Radical Right in Poland: The Patriots’ (Routledge, 2010). He currently works as a lecturer at Collegium Civitas and head of the East Europe Monitoring Centre established by the ‘Never Again’ Association. Pankowski received his MA in Political Science from Warsaw University (he also studied at Oxford University as an undergraduate) and his PhD and Habilitation in Sociology of Culture from the University of Warsaw, Institute of Applied Social Sciences.